Island Trips Europe - Switzerland Destination
Switzerland Federal State
Trips Holidays and Vacations Travel
feature Africa links, Africa resources and large selection of Africa budget airlines, Africa chartered planes, Africa sea cruises, Africa ferries, Africa travel agencies, Africa land transports and Africa attractions including Africa beaches, Africa medical tourism, Africa retirement homes, Africa historical and Africa pilgrimage tours. Trips Holidays and Vacations Travel offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East and United States of America.
Switzerland Federal State
The restoration of the power to the patriciate was only temporary. After a period of unrest with repeated violent clashes such as the Züriputsch of 1839, civil war broke out between some of the Catholic and most of the other cantons in 1847 (the Sonderbundskrieg). The war lasted for less than a month, causing fewer than 100 casualties; most of which were through friendly fire. However minor the Sonderbundskrieg seems to be when compared with other European riots and wars in the 19th century, it nevertheless had a major impact on both the psychology and the society of the Swiss and of Switzerland. The war made all Swiss understand the need for unity and strength towards its European neighbours.
Swiss people from all strata of society, whether Catholic, Protestant, or from the liberal or conservative current, realised that the cantons would profit more if their economic and religious interest were merged. Credit to those who favoured the power of the cantons (the Sonderbund Kantone), the national assembly was divided among an upper house (the Swiss Council of States) and a lower house (the National Council of Switzerland). Thus, the interests of the Federationalists were accounted for. Switzerland adopted a federal constitution and the use of referenda (mandatory for any amendment of this constitution) in 1848.
This constitution provided for a central authority while leaving the cantons the right to self-government on local issues. In 1850 the Swiss franc became the Swiss single currency. The constitution was amended extensively in 1874 in order to take into account the rise in population and the Industrial Revolution. It introduced the facultative referendum for laws at the federal level. It also established federal responsibility for defence, trade, and legal matters.
In 1891, the constitution was revised with unusually strong elements of direct democracy, which remain unique even today. Since then, continued political, economic, and social improvement has characterised Swiss history.
Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia
<1> <2> <3> <4> <5> <6> <7> <8> <9> <10> <11> <12> <13> <14> <15>
Austria, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iceland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes. Mountain bikes share similarities with other bikes, but incorporate features designed to enhance durability and performance in rough terrain. More articles about Mountain Biking
Holidays Travel Agency Asia / Holidays Travel Agency Europe / Holidays Travel Agency Gold Middle East
Holidays Travel Agency Oceania / Holidays Travel Agency USA / Holidays Travel Agency Africa
Trips Holidays : Australia, Asia Travel, Africa Travel, Europe Travel, Middle East Travel, USA
All Rights Reserved. © Copyright