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Immigration to Spain

According to the Spanish government there were 4.5 million foreign residents in Spain in 2007; independent estimates put the figure at 4.8 million people, or 11% of the total population. According to residence permit data for 2005, about 500,000 were Moroccan, another 500,000 were Ecuadorian, more than 200,000 were Romanian, and 260,000 were Colombian. Other sizeable foreign communities are British (8%), French (8%), Argentine (6%), German (6%) and Bolivian (3%). Since 2000, Spain has experienced high population growth as a result of immigration flows, despite a birth rate that is only half the replacement level. This sudden and ongoing inflow of immigrants, particularly those arriving clandestinely by sea, has caused noticeable social tension.

Within the EU, Spain has the second highest immigration rate in percentage terms after Cyprus, but by a great margin, the highest in actual numbers of immigrants. There are a number of reasons for the high level of immigration, including Spain's cultural ties with Latin America, its geographical position, the porosity of its borders, the large size of its underground economy and the strength of the agricultural and construction sectors which demand more low cost labour than can be offered by the national workforce. Another statistically significant factor is the large number of residents of EU origin typically retiring to Spain's Mediterranean coast. In fact, Spain was Europe's largest absorber of migrants from 2002 to 2007, with its immigrant population more than doubling as 2.5 million people arrived. According to the Financial Times, Spain is the most favoured destination for West Europeans considering a move from their own country and seeking jobs elsewhere in the EU.

The number of immigrants in Spain has grown up from 500,000 people in 1996 to 5.2 million in 2008 out of a total population of 46 million. In 2005 alone, a regularisation programme increased the legal immigrant population by 700,000 people. Unemployment among immigrants has risen 67% in 2007. Spain's new Plan of Voluntary Return encourages immigrants to leave Spain for three years and offers up to €25,000, but so far, only 186 Ecuadorans have signed up to return. In the program's first two months last year, just 1,400 immigrants took up the offer.

Minority Groups of Spain
Spain has a number of descendants of populations from former colonies and immigrants from several Sub-Saharan and Caribbean countries have been recently settling in Spain. There are also sizeable numbers of Asian immigrants, most of whom are of Chinese, Filipino, Middle Eastern, Pakistani and Indian origins; the population of Spaniards of Latin American descent is sizeable as well and a fast growing segment. Other growing groups are Britons, 760,000 in 2006, Germans and other immigrants from the rest of Europe. Modern Jewish community in Spain has been formed in three waves: migration from what was formerly Spanish Morocco, the flight of Jews escaping from Nazi repression, and immigration from Argentina. Spanish law allows Sephardi Jews to claim Spanish citizenship. The arrival of the Gitanos, a Roma people, began in the 16th century; estimates of the Spanish Gitano population fluctuate around 700,000.

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Spain hotels
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Spain

About Spain
Geography of Spain
Climate of Spain

Spain History
Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples
Roman Empire and the
Germanic Kingdoms

Muslim Iberia
Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification
Imperial Spain
Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences
Spanish-American War
20th Century of Spain
21st Century of Spain

Spain Politics
Constitution of Spain
Government of Spain
Administrative Divisions
Foreign Relations of Spain

Spain Economy
Demographics of Spain
Immigration to Spain
People / Languages of Spain
Spain Religions

Culture of Spain
Spain Schools
Literature of Spain
Real Academia Española
Art of Spain
Cinema in Spain
Spain Architecture
Spain Music
Cuisines in Spain
Sports in Spain
Spain Holidays

Spain Places and Attractions
Murcia Major Attractions

Spain World Heritage Sites
Granada Heritage Sites
Cordoba Heritage Sites
Seville Heritage Sites
Úbeda & Baeza Heritage Sites
Aragon Heritage Sites
Galicia Heritage Sites
Cantabria Heritage Sites
Asturias Heritage Sites
Ibiza Heritage Sites
Basque Country Heritage Sites
Canary Islands Heritage Sites
Toledo Heritage Sites
Castilla La Mancha Heritage Sites
Castile & Leon Heritage Sites
Catalonia Heritage Sites
Extremadura Heritage Sites
La Rioja Heritage Sites
Madrid Heritage Sites



Learning Archery

Archery is the art, practice, or skill of propelling arrows with the use of a bow, from Latin arcus. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat, while in modern times, its main use is that of a recreational activity. A person who participates in archery is typically known as an "archer" or "bowman", and one who is fond of or an expert at archery can be referred to as a "toxophilite". More articles about Learning Archery


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