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Spain World Heritage Sites - Madrid Heritage Sites

 

Monastery and Site of the Escorial
An historical residence of the king of Spain. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum and school. It is located about 45 km northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. El Escorial comprises two architectural complexes of great historical and cultural significance: El Real Monasterio de El Escorial itself and La Granjilla de La Fresneda, a royal hunting lodge and monastic retreat about five km away. These sites have a dual nature; that is to say, during the 16th and 17th centuries, they were places in which the temporal power of the Spanish monarchy and the ecclesiastical predominance of the Roman Catholic religion in Spain found a common architectural manifestation. El Escorial was, at once, a monastery and a Spanish royal palace. Originally a property of the Hieronymite monks, it is now an Augustinian monastery.

On November 2, 1984, UNESCO declared The Royal Site of San Lorenzo of El Escorial a World Heritage Site. It is an extremely popular tourist attraction, often visited by day-trippers from Madrid - more than 500.000 visitors come to El Escorial every year (2004 - 504 238, 2005 - 512 834, 2006 - 534 932, 2007 - 538 491).




University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares
Meaning Castle on the river Henares, is a Spanish city, whose historical centre is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites, and one of the first bishoprics founded in Spain. Located in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, 35 km northeast of the city of Madrid, at a height of 588 metres above sea level, it has a population of around 200,000, the second largest of the region after the Spanish capital itself. The city is generally known simply as "Alcalá", but "de Henares" is often appended to differentiate it from a dozen cities sharing the name Alcalá. It is capital of Comarca de Alcalá.

Founded by Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros in the early 16th century, Alcalá de Henares was the world's first planned university city. It was the original model for the City of God, the ideal urban community which Spanish missionaries brought to the Americas. It also served as a model for universities in Europe.



Aranjuez Cultural Landscape
An entity of complex relationships: between nature and human activity, between sinuous watercourses and geometric landscape design, between the rural and the urban, between forest landscape and the delicately modulated architecture of its palatial buildings. Three hundred years of royal attention to the development and care of this landscape have seen it express an evolution of concepts from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics such as those found in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the urban lifestyle which developed alongside the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding during the Age of Enlightenment.


Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Spain hotels
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Spain

About Spain
Geography of Spain
Climate of Spain

Spain History
Prehistory and Pre-Roman Peoples
Roman Empire and the
Germanic Kingdoms

Muslim Iberia
Fall of Muslim Rule and Unification
Imperial Spain
Napoleonic Rule and Its Consequences
Spanish-American War
20th Century of Spain
21st Century of Spain

Spain Politics
Constitution of Spain
Government of Spain
Administrative Divisions
Foreign Relations of Spain

Spain Economy
Demographics of Spain
Immigration to Spain
People / Languages of Spain
Spain Religions

Culture of Spain
Spain Schools
Literature of Spain
Real Academia Española
Art of Spain
Cinema in Spain
Spain Architecture
Spain Music
Cuisines in Spain
Sports in Spain
Spain Holidays

Spain Places and Attractions
Murcia Major Attractions

Spain World Heritage Sites
Granada Heritage Sites
Cordoba Heritage Sites
Seville Heritage Sites
Úbeda & Baeza Heritage Sites
Aragon Heritage Sites
Galicia Heritage Sites
Cantabria Heritage Sites
Asturias Heritage Sites
Ibiza Heritage Sites
Basque Country Heritage Sites
Canary Islands Heritage Sites
Toledo Heritage Sites
Castilla La Mancha Heritage Sites
Castile & Leon Heritage Sites
Catalonia Heritage Sites
Extremadura Heritage Sites
La Rioja Heritage Sites
Madrid Heritage Sites



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