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Trips Holidays and Vacations Travel - Romania - History of Romania - Independence and Monarchy

Romania Travel Guide
History of Romania - Independence and Monarchy


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Romanian troops taking Grivitsa Strongpoint


During the period of Austro-Hungarian rule in Transylvania, and Ottoman suzerainty over Wallachia and Moldavia, most Romanians were in the situation of being second-class citizens in a territory where they formed the majority of the population. In some Transylvanian cities, such as Braşov, Romanians were not even allowed to reside within the city walls.

After the failed 1848 Revolution, the Great Powers did not support the Romanians' expressed desire to officially unite in a single state, which forced Romania to proceed alone against the Ottomans. The electors in both Moldavia and Wallachia chose in 1859 the same person–Alexandru Ioan Cuza – as prince. Thus, Romania was created as a personal union, albeit a Romania that did not include Transylvania. There, the upper class and the aristocracy remained mainly Hungarian, and the Romanian nationalism inevitably ran up against Hungarian one in the late 19th century. As in the previous 900 years, Austria-Hungary, especially under the Dual Monarchy of 1867, kept the Hungarians firmly in control even in the parts of Transylvania where Romanians constituted a local majority.

In a 1866 coup d'état, Cuza was exiled and replaced by Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who became known as Prince Carol of Romania. During the Russo-Turkish War Romania fought on the Russian side, in and in the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, Romania was recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers. In return, Romania ceded three southern districts of Bessarabia to Russia and acquired Dobruja. In 1881, the principality was raised to a kingdom and Prince Carol became King Carol I.

The 1878-1914 period was one of stability and progress for Romania. During the Second Balkan War, Romania joined Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and Turkey against Bulgaria, and in the peace Treaty of Bucharest 1913 Romania gained Southern Dobrudja.

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia


History of Romania: Prehistory and Antiquity, Middle Ages, Independence and Monarchy, World Wars & Greater Romania, Romania Communism, Present-Day Democracy

Romania Etymology, Romania Geography, Environment of Romania, Romania Climate, Sports in Romania

Demographics of Romania: Religion in Romania, Romania Largest Cities, Education in Romania,
Economy of Romania: Transportation in Romania, Tourism of Romania
Romania Culture: Romania Arts, Romania Monuments, Romania National Flag,
Government of Romania: Politics of Romania, Romania Administrative Divisions, Foreign Relations of Romania


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Winter Sports

A winter sport is a sport which is played on snow or ice. Most such sports are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally such sports were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and ice allow more flexibility. Common individual sports include cross-country skiing, Alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, speed skating, figure skating, luge, skeleton, bobsleigh and snowmobiling. Common team sports include ice hockey, curling and bandy. Winter sports often have their own multi-sport tournaments, such as the Winter Olympic Games. More articles about Winter Sports


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