Romania Travel Guide
Trips Holidays and Vacations Travel
offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Middle East and United States of America. We feature Africa links, Africa resources and large selection of Africa budget airlines, Africa chartered planes, Africa sea cruises, Africa ferries, Africa travel agencies, Africa land transports and Africa attractions including Africa beaches, Africa medical tourism, Africa retirement homes, Africa historical and Africa pilgrimage tours.
The name of Romania comes from Romanian: român which is a derivative of the Latin: Romanus. The fact that Romanians call themselves a derivative of Romanus is mentioned as early as the 16th century by many authors, including Italian Humanists travelling in Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia. The oldest surviving document written in the Romanian language is a 1521 letter known as "Neacşu's Letter from Câmpulung". This document is also notable for having the first occurrence of "Rumanian" in a Romanian written text, Wallachia being here named The Rumanian Land - Ţeara Rumânească. In the following centuries, Romanian documents use interchangeably two spelling forms: Român and Rumân. Socio-linguistic evolutions in the late 17th century led to a process of semantic differentiation: the form "rumân", presumably usual among lower classes, got the meaning of "bondsman", while the form român kept an ethno-linguistic meaning. After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the form "rumân" gradually disappears and the spelling definitively stabilises to the form "român", "românesc". The name "România" as common homeland of all Romanians is documented in the early 19th century. This name has been officially in use since December 11, 1861.
English-language sources still used the terms "Rumania" or "Roumania", borrowed from the French spelling "Roumanie", as recently as World War II, but since then those terms have largely been replaced with the official spelling "Romania".
Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia