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Poland Travel Guide
History of Poland - Postwar Communist Poland


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Lech Wałęsa (left) leading the Solidarity movement

The Soviet Union instituted a new Communist government in Poland, analogous to much of the rest of the Eastern Bloc. Military alignment within the Warsaw Pact throughout the Cold War was also part of this change. The People's Republic of Poland was officially proclaimed in 1952. In 1956, the régime of Władysław Gomułka became temporarily more liberal, freeing many people from prison and expanding some personal freedoms. A similar situation repeated itself in the 1970s under Edward Gierek, but most of the time persecution of communist opposition persisted.

Labour turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity", which over time became a political force. Despite persecution and imposition of martial law in 1981, it eroded the dominance of the Communist Party and by 1989 had triumphed in parliamentary elections. Lech Wałęsa, a Solidarity candidate, eventually won the presidency in 1990. The Solidarity movement heralded the collapse of communism across Eastern Europe.

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

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History of Poland: Poland Prehistory, Piast Dynasty of Poland, Jagiellon Dynasty of Poland, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Partitions of Poland, Reconstitution of Poland, World War II of Poland, Postwar Communist Poland, Democratic Poland, Demographics of Poland, Geography of Poland, Rivers in Poland, Geology of Poland, Mountains & Topography, Lakes in Poland, The Coast of Poland, The Desert of Poland, Land Use of Poland, Flora & Fauna of Poland, Climate of Poland, Government of Poland, Administrative Divisions, Economy of Poland, Religion in Poland, Education in Poland, Telecommunication and IT,
Culture of Poland: Famous People of Poland, Cuisine in Poland, Architecture in Poland, Sports in Poland,


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