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Poland Travel Guide
Economy of Poland


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Collegium Maius is the oldest building of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków

The education of Polish society was a goal of rulers as early as the 12th century, and Poland soon became one of the most educated European countries. The library catalogue of the Cathedral Chapter of Kraków dating back to 1110 shows that already in the early 12th century Polish intellectuals had access to the European literature. In 1364, in Kraków, the Jagiellonian University, founded by King Casimir III, became one of Europe's great early universities. In 1773 King Stanisław August Poniatowski established his Commission of National Education, the world's first state ministry of education.

Today Poland has more than a hundred tertiary education institutions; traditional universities to be found in its major cities of Białystok, Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kraków, Lublin, Łódź, Olsztyn, Opole, Poznań, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Toruń, Warsaw, Wrocław and Zielona Góra as well as technical, medical, economic institutions elsewhere, employing around 61,000 workers. There are also around 300 research and development institutes, with about 10,000 more researchers. In total, there are around 91,000 scientists in Poland today.

According to Frost & Sullivan's Country Industry Forecast the country is becoming an interesting location for research and development investments. Multinational companies such as: ABB, Delphi, GlaxoSmithKline, Google, Hewlett–Packard, IBM, Intel, LG Electronics and Microsoft have set up R&D centres in Poland. Motorola in Kraków, Siemens in Wrocław and Samsung in Warszawa are one of the largest owned by those companies. Over 40 R&D centers, and 4,500 researchers make Poland the biggest R&D hub in Central and Eastern Europe. Companies chose Poland because of the availability of highly qualified labor force, presence of universities, support of authorities, and the largest market in Central Europe.

According to KPMG report 80% of Poland's current investors are contented with their choice and willing to reinvest. In 2006, Intel decided to double the number of employees in its R&D centre.

The Programme for International Student Assessment, coordinated by the OECD, currently ranks Poland's education as the 23rd best in the world, being neither significantly higher nor lower than the OECD average.

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Poland Hotels
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History of Poland: Poland Prehistory, Piast Dynasty of Poland, Jagiellon Dynasty of Poland, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Partitions of Poland, Reconstitution of Poland, World War II of Poland, Postwar Communist Poland, Democratic Poland, Demographics of Poland, Geography of Poland, Rivers in Poland, Geology of Poland, Mountains & Topography, Lakes in Poland, The Coast of Poland, The Desert of Poland, Land Use of Poland, Flora & Fauna of Poland, Climate of Poland, Government of Poland, Administrative Divisions, Economy of Poland, Religion in Poland, Education in Poland, Telecommunication and IT,
Culture of Poland: Famous People of Poland, Cuisine in Poland, Architecture in Poland, Sports in Poland,


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About Kayaking

Kayaking is the use of a Kayak for moving across water. Over the years, kayaking has evolved into a popular water sport. It is distinguished from canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of blades on the paddle. A kayak is defined by the International Canoe Federation (the world sanctioning body) as a boat where the paddler faces forward, legs in front, using a double-bladed paddle. Most kayaks have closed decks, although "sit-on-top" and inflatable kayaks are growing in popularity as well. More articles about About Kayaking


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